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Nov 30, 2010

Do you worship the god of "luck" in place of the God of creation?

I believe Blogging should be informative, then entertaining. To talk without real meaning does no one any good,"Give a man a fish and you fill his stomach for a day but teach a man to fish and HE can fill his stomach with food every day."



JUST WHAT IS THE FORCE WE TERM LUCK? 

Does it come from God or from a more sinister root of Babalonian origin?

We who SAY we represent the Lord Jesus MUST be very careful in just HOW we represent him before the world..Why? because the world cares how its done more than the church seems too care these days. We can't allow our witness to become tainted by worldly influences no matter how innocent that stain may seem, for first impressions are those that LAST THE LONGEST because we all tend towards the lowest denominator when we view others. The world wallows in negative ideas, opinions, and viewpoints so they will see us this way WITHOUT our help so its time for the TRUE church to wake up to that fact!

Pronunciation: (luk),
n.
1. the force that seems to operate for good or ill in a person's life, as in shaping circumstances, events, or opportunities: With my luck I'll probably get pneumonia.
2. good fortune; advantage or success, considered as the result of chance: He had no luck finding work.
3. a combination of circumstances, events, etc., operating by chance to bring good or ill to a person: She's had nothing but bad luck all year.
4. some object on which good fortune is supposed to depend: This rabbit's foot is my luck.
5. down on one's luck, in unfortunate circumstances; unlucky: She hated to see her old friend so down on her luck.
6. in luck, lucky; fortunate: We were in luck, for the bakery was still open.
7. luck of the draw, the luck one has in or as if in drawing cards.
8. out of luck, unlucky; unfortunate: When it comes to getting World Series tickets, we're usually out of luck.
9. push one's luck, Informal.to try to make too much of an opportunity; go too far. Also,crowd one's luck.


v. Informal.
1. luck into or onto, to meet, acquire, become, etc., by good luck: She lucked into a great job.
2. luck out,to have an instance or run of exceptionally good luck: He lucked out when he made a hole in one during the tournament.
3. luck upon, to come across by chance: to luck upon a profitable investment.
 
Synonyms for luck
Noun
1. fortune, destiny, fate, luck, lot, circumstances, portion, condition
usage: your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you); "whatever my fortune may be"; "deserved a better fate"; "has a happy lot"; "the luck of the Irish"; "a victim of circumstances"; "success that was her portion"
2. luck, fortune, chance, hazard, phenomenon
usage: an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another; "bad luck caused his downfall"; "we ran into each other by pure chance"
3. luck, fortune, phenomenon
usage: an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that leads to a favorable outcome; "it was my good luck to be there"; "they say luck is a lady"; "it was as if fortune guided his hand"


Have you ever been lectured by another Christian after you wished someone "good luck". How do you feel about using the greeting? Isn’t it just a common expression, an affirmation, like saying "best wishes"? Or is it really saying "good Lucifer"?

I have heard Christians say things like, "I don’t believe in luck" or "For Christians there is no such thing as luck", as though it is a biblical doctrine, but is that really true. Is there such a thing as "luck", happenstance, good fortune, flukes, breaks, etc. for Christians or does the Lord order everything? Does ‘life’ just happen to us or is everything in God’s plan. Do things sometimes "just happen" to us or is everything predetermined? Is there such a thing for Christians as accidents, good or bad? Is winning (or losing) the lottery and act of God or is it just luck?

God created the laws that He spoke into existence to keep the UNIVERSE spinning to a cause-and-effect. We have LIMITED control over our actions, but NO CONTROL WHATSOEVER over the actions of others, nature, whatever other forces are out there affecting the situation,EXCEPT when we are under God's control in spiritual warfare prayer..THEN AND ONLY THEN ARE CIRCUMSTANCES CHANGED TO OUR BENEFIT!


So to us, IN A LIMITED PERSPECTIVE OF FLESH AND BLOOD there is an element of 'randomness', or" luck" to it BUT this is ONLY due to our "FINITE" sight,our vision is so small compared to our "INFINITE GOD" that what we can see is INCOMPLETE so it is in man's makeup IF he or she has NO MORAL makeup to REPLACE THEIR LACK OF UNDERSTANDING of a situation with a "HIGHER FORCE" that controls their destiny! God says He has plans for us. If we are in communion with Him, pleasing to Him, He does control our destiny. What about an auto accident that takes the life of a child, puts you in the hospital and runs up a hospital bill that ruins your credit and good name and exhausts your resources


was it just a terrible, unfortunate happening (bad luck),or just being BEATEN AT THE GAME OF LIFE BY SATAN'S DECEPTIVE HAND? Life happens in this world,BUT if we will "SUBMIT TO GOD'S WILL AND (This is the key to life in Him) OBEY THAT WILL IN ALL DETAILS NO MATTER HOW "SILLY OR RIDICULOUS IT SEEMS, God will see us through any circumstance. God will not deliver us from "life" but will see us through it. You see SUFFERING makes us into better people,not only in experience but also in faith,TRIALS TEST OUR FAITH AND BURN AWAY FALSE MOTIVES...I'M NOT REFERRING TO THINGS THAT ARE "SIN RELATED" SUCH AS SICKNESSES & DISEASES which Jesus paid a HIGH price to take from us at the cross. These things a Christian has no right to lay hold of as their own,they are to be DELIVERED FROM THEM,BUT even while we are waiting for our faith to grow up into our healing process,we can overcome.

The very IDEA of LUCK having ANY SWAY over God's creation is MANIFESTLY OPPOSITE of God's LAWS OF CREATION,EVERYTHING GOD MADE FUNCTIONS BY A SET OF UNCHANGING RULES CALLED SCIENCE,and even when WE THINK that things are OUT OF WHACK,THEY ARE STILL FUNCTIONING WITHIN THE SCIENTIFIC LAWS THAT GOD PLACED IN CREATION. What we term "LUCK:GOOD OR BAD" is "THE PRINCIPLE OF SIN NATURE" both in man and affecting nature that SEEMS to "TILT" our perceptions to believe in ANOTHER FORCE OUTSIDE OF GOD THAT CONTROLS OUR FATE AS IF GOD IS INSUFFICIENT TO HANDLE OUR LIFE!



2Co 4:4 "In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them."


2Co 4:17 " For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory;


2Co 4:18 While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal."


2Co 5:17 " Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new."


2Co 5:18 " And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation;


2Co 5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. "


LUCK HAS NO BEARING ON THE CHRISTIANS LIFE WHATSOEVER AND FOR US TO WASTE OUR TIME & GOD'S PRECIOUS TIME WITH EVEN THE SLIGHTEST THOUGHT OF AN OUTSIDE NON-EXISTENT FORCE SUCH AS LUCK,WHICH WAS "INVENTED" BY MEN CENTURY'S AGO TO COMPENSATE FOR AN IGNORANCE OF GOD'S CREATION IS AT THE LEAST APPALLING! We as TRUE BELIEVER'S IN HIM SHOULD NEVER ALLOW OURSELVES TO EVEN THINK IN TERMS OF "LUCK the god of the Faithless"


Assyro-Babylonian magic is closely tied to religion. Forces of nature, occurances, sickness, health, luck, were all tied into religious mythology. Earth and heaven, the realm of the gods, are closely intertwined. What happens in one has direct affect on the other. This parallels the "As above, so below" paradigm in western magic. Gods controlled the forces of nature, they communicated with humans in forms of sins, demons caused sickness, luck was explained by divine presence and it's absence meant that one was abandoned by divine forces due to his/her sins.


Religious practices of ancient Mesopotamian religions could be divided into three sections: those of royalty, those of the priests, and those of the common people. Prayers, fasts, mortifications, and taboos were mostly restricted to royal religious practice. The king could also receive divine messages. Priest's religious practice involved the care for the temple and divine images, reciting hymns, and carrying out sacrifices. (Oppenheim, p 181-182) A lot of times priests also performed exorcisms. Little is known about the religious life of a private individual. It was considered that the average citizen did not have the same religious right, so to speak, as royalty or priests to communicate with the gods directly:


It was not considered appropriate for a private person to approach the diety through dreams and visions. ( Oppenheim, p 182)

FATE AND DESTINY


In ancient Assyrian and Babylonian culture great emphasis was placed upon fate. People strived to know it and, to some extent, control it. The world for fate was simtu, which also meant destiny. But this word implied more than that. It also meant something like "purpose". Gods gave everything a simtu, from individual humans to animals, plants, and even inanimate things such as rocks. (Oppenheim p 204)


Individual's luck was also explained using religious context. It was determined by spiritual beings preasent at the person's side: ilu (god), istaru (goddess), lamassu (equivalent of angel. feminine), sedu (angel, masculine). (Oppenheim, p 199) Also, by two demons that follow each person: mukil res daniqti or rabis damiqti ("he who offers good things") and mukil res lamutti or rabis lemutti ("he who offers misfortume"). (Oppenheim, p 204)


Divination Divination was extremely important in the Mesopotamian society. Shamash and Adad were considered the gods of divination. (Contenau, p 281) Methods of divination varied from interpreting the placement of internal organs of a sacrificial animal, to astrology. A. Oppenheim divides Assyro-Babylonian divination into two categories:


Two-way communication [with the deity] requires a special technique; in fact, two techniques are kown in Mesopotamia: operational and magical. In both instances the answer comes forth in two possible manners: one is binary, that is, a yes-or-no answer; the other is based on a code accepted by both the deity and the diviner. (Opperhein, p 207-208)
In operational divination, "the diviner offers the deity the opportunity to directly affecting an object activated by diviner." Some examples of that include: casting lots, pouring oil into water, producing smoke from a censer. In magical divination, deity produces changes in natural phenomena such as behavior of birds and animals, their internal organs, changes in positions of celestial bodies, etc. (Opperhein, p 208-209)

In operational divination, "the diviner offers the deity the opportunity to directly affecting an object activated by diviner." Some examples of that include: casting lots, pouring oil into water, producing smoke from a censer. In magical divination, deity produces changes in natural phenomena such as behavior of birds and animals, their internal organs, changes in positions of celestial bodies, etc. (Opperhein, p 208-209)

Extispicy, that is interpreting abnormalities in location and looks of animal's internal organs was a very popular method of divination. The organ of special importance was the liver, which was considered the seat of the soul of the animal ( Wikipedia). There have been found clay replicas of various level of detail of animal livers that were evidently used as examples in the training of baru (diviner) initiates. Divination using the liver even has its own name: hepatoscopy.

Behavior of live animals, birds in particular, was observed for divination as well. Archaeologists have discovered a collection of tablets, Summa alu that are a collection of omens derived from animal behavior. (Opperhein, p 213)

Another popular form of divination was using malformed infants born to either humans or animals. Summa izbu are a collection of omens pertaining to human and animal birth abnormalities. (Opperhein, p 218)

It seems that in Mesopotamian society, almost everything could be considered an omen. What we would call a random occurance in our society, a person of the Mesopotamian world view may consider an omen from the gods. Dreams were important divination tools as well.

Modern astrology had its beginnings in ancient Babylonia.(Wikipedia, "History of Astrology"). Not only were celestial events considered to be omens from the gods, some gods themselves were identified with celestial bodies. Marduk was identified with Jupiter, Ishtar with Venus, Shamash wit the sun, Sin with the moon, etc. (Wikipedia, "History of Astrology") However, the old Babylonian astrology was rather different from astrology we know today. Georges Contenau writes:


Babylonian astrology was fundamentally based on meteorology, being founded upon observations of the winds, the color of the stars, the occultation of the planets and eclipses… (Contenau, p 289)

So phenomena such as clouds, halo around the moon, storms, eclipses were considered parts of the science of astrology. ( Astrology Omens)


The moon was of the foremost importance in Babylonian astrology. It’s phases and the time of its appearance in the sky was the subject of much attention. (Astrology Omens) Appearance of the moon earlier then was expected, for example, was considered a bad omen. (Wikipedia, History of Astrology) Astrological predictions were short term and were not taken as predictions of what is destined to happen, but signes and warnings/omens from the gods as to what could result if things went on as usual (in case of bad omens, if the king did not take special action to correct the situation). (Astrology Omens)


MAGIC


Assyrian and Babylonian magic, not only had its roots in religion, but was a major part of religion itself. Magic was concerned with aversion of bad things predicted from omens and exorcism of demons (the term for exorcist was âshipu). The primary gods of magic were Marduk and Ea. (Contenau, p 291) The magic that âshipu priests practiced was what is commonly known today as "white" magic. People who practiced evil magic were called sorcerers. Besides exorcising demons, another of âshipu’s duties included removal of curses placed on the victim by sorcerers.


The most prominent element in Assyro-Babylonian magic is the true name of a person or demon being exorcised. In fact, name was almost equivalent with the object/individual itself. If something was not named, it did not exist. Names were thought to posses great power and for shiptu (incantation) (Wikipedia, Assyro-Babylonian religion") to be effective, it had to contain the true name of its subject. Voice can harvest the power and knowledge contained within a name. Writing the name down "projects it indefinitely" (Contenau, p 161)


The shiptu and names contained in them had to be pronounced in a special tone of voice. The word used to describe one speaking in this manner, luhhushu is even different from the regular verb "say", and had a meaning similar to "utter", "murmur", or "chant". (Contenau, p 162-163)


In the name of the gods of heaven and earth the priest called on his adversary by name (this very exposure robbed him [the adversary] of his power). (Contenau, p 291)

This concept of the name being tightly related to the object to which it belongs also has its origins in religion. Before the creation of the world there was primeval chaos, which is attributed to the fact that nothing had a name. The gods were said to undergo the following process when creating a being or thing:


The creating god mentally defines the nature-to-be of his creation: when it has taken final shape in his imagination and he has given it a name, he draws its shape, whereby it acquires almost complete life. (Contenau, p 197)

It is in Mesopotamia that the practice known as isopsephia, otherwise known as gematria, was first used:


The Mesopotamians next conceived the idea of ascribing a numerical value to each sign in their syllabary so that every name was capable of numerical expression… (Contenau, p 166)

There are even records of people signing the name in form of numbers, not letters. (Contenau, p 166) Gods were considered to be in a numerical hierarchy of sorts as well. Anu’s number was 60, which was considered the perfect number. Sin’s (the moon god) number was 30 (number of days in a lunar month), Ishtar’s was 15. (Contenau, p 258)


The mathematical system was based on "sexagesimal" principle. Whence now we use decimal system: multiples of 10, in sexagesimal system is in alternating multiples of 6 and 10.


Perhaps the most important result was that the Babylonian ‘sexagesimal’ system became widespread, and as applied to the recording of time, this gave birth to the twelve-hour day. Although this was later replaced by the Egyptian twenty- four hour day, 20th century time is still based on the division of the hour into 60 minutes and the minute into 60 senconds. (Astrology at RIN.ru)

Other then the invocation of the gods and the use of correct names to harvest the power of and control the entities involved in the magic ritual, a lot of Mesopotamian magic was sympathetic. Sometimes the image of a demon thought to be possessing the sick person was burned or tortured, other examples include watering plants to induce rain, etc. So you see that "Luck" is tied DIRECTLY to Babylonian Mystery Religions and Witchcraft that GOD HATES!


Babylonian civilisation lasted from 1800 till 600 BC. It was an urban society with twelve or so cities in the nation, resting upon the agricultural land surrounding the cities. The social structure was headed by the king as absolute monarch. Under him were a group of appointed governors and administrators. Beneath this were freemen and then slaves. The culture lasted for about 1200 years.


The world ancient people’s lived in was one filled with spirits and demons, gods and goddesses, good and evil forces. This is understandable when we realise our forebears had no clear conception of how natural forces, illness, the mind, worked. The many intangibles they were surrounded by, the immense uncertainties they faced, were quite usefully called spirits - invisible/mysterious yet potent powers that could act upon one for good or ill. Their beliefs and observations regarding dreams were therefore deeply coloured by their world view. Death was a certainty, illness, physical or mental was a possibility, love and reproduction were drives to be satisfied, and so many dreams or myths centred on the way they met these. It must also be remembered that such cultures had, according to recent theories, only recently developed personal self-awreness; only just lost direct perception of subjective gods.


In the Babylonian culture the attempt to find certainty amid uncertainty, to control or direct the threatening forces of nature, to find ones way through the events of life, led to a wide array of techniques concerned with prophecy, magical control or propitiation, and trying to know the will of the gods. The kings hoped that a god would be on their side in battle, or would give them confidence by telling them in a dream that they would overcome their enemies. In fact the influence of these early Babylonian beliefs is still present in modern religion where each side of an opposing army, even with belief in the same God, prays for support and victory.


The Babylonians believed that an event in one part of the world or cosmos, would cause an occurrence in another part. A comet appearing in the sky for instance, would be seen as presaging great social or personal changes. This link between the cosmos and the individual also suggested to the Babylonians that the cosmos could be influenced by human action - thus the rituals of appeasement or magic. 

These beliefs led to an examination of any mysterious event in an attempt to understand its personal or wider significance. Dreams were one of the possible sources of such prophecy or enlightening information. Over a long period of time strange events such as the birth of a two headed calf, or a strange dream, were noted and following events watched. If a barren woman had a child after such an event, then it was thought that the next time the event occurred, a barren woman would again be made fertile. Of course this led to deliberate attempts to obtain or perform the first, to bring about the latter - thus magic. There were in fact magic rituals to prevent bad or evil dreams.


Dreams were classified into several types. Those of rulers and leaders such as priests were seen as one type, and those of common people of another. There was also a division between good dreams and bad dreams. If one goes into any large book-store and looks at dream dictionaries written before the advent of modern psychotherapy, it can easily be seen that most definitions are still written in the same style - that the dream will bring good or bad luck regarding money, romance or health. In fact they are derivations of the ancient Babylonian dream books. 

These speculations, observations and collection of folk beliefs were put into book form by the Babylonians, and are thought to have contained texts on dreams dating back to 5000 BC. These ancient Babylonian dream dictionaries were copied and taken to the library at Nineveh by king Assurbanipal. The great dream encyclopaedist Artemidorus later drew on these records for his own learning. The part of the Jewish Talmud which was written during the Babylonian captivity is also full of dream interpretations and ways of dealing with dreams, and undoubtedly drew on the Babylonian library.


These dream dictionaries contained beliefs and observations took note of any belief however bizarre. As an example of some of the ideas presented in this collection of works, we can read - ‘If a date appears on a man’s head, it means woe. If a fish appears on his head, that man will be strong. If a mountain appears on his head, it means that he will have no rival. If salt appears on his head, it means that he will apply himself to bald his house….If a man dreams that he goes to a pleasure garden, it means that he will gain his freedom. If a goes to a market garden, his dwelling will be uncomfortable. If he goes to kindle a firebrand he will see woe during his days. If he goes to sow a field, he will escape from a ruined place. If he goes to hunt in the country, he will be eminent. If he goes to an oxstall, (he will have) safety. If he goes to the sheepfold, he will rise to the first rank.’
















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Wicca and Witchcraft: Holidays in Wicca and Witchcraft

By Mike Nichols

Wicca and Witchcraft: Holidays in Wicca and Witchcraft

Despite competition from twentieth century 'life in the fast lane', the awesome spectacle repeated in the patterns of the changing seasons still touches our lives. During the ages when people worked more closely with nature just to survive, the numinous power of this pattern had supreme recognition. Rituals and festivals evolved to channel these transformations for the good of the community toward a good sowing and harvest and boutiful hunting.

One result of this process is our image of the 'Wheel of the Year' with its eight spokes -- the four major agricultural and pastoral festivals and the four minor solar festivals commemorating seasonal solstices and equinoxes. In common with many ancient people, most Witches consider the day as beginning at sundown and ending at sundown on the following day. Hence a sabbat such as November Eve runs through the day of November 1st. Solstice and Equinox dates may vary by a few days depending on the year.

October 31 -- November Eve -- Samhain

Samhain means 'summer's end', for now nights lengthen, winter begins, and we work with the positive aspects of the dark tides. In the increasing starlight and moonlight, we hone our divinatory and psychic skills. Many Craft traditions, and the ancient Celts, consider this New Year's Eve. It is the one night when the veil that separates our world from the next is at its thinnest, allowing the dead to return to the world of the living, to be welcomed and feasted by their kin. The Christian religion adopted this theme as 'All Saints Day' or 'All Hallows Day' (Nov. 1), celebrating the eve as 'All Hallows Eve' or 'Halloween'. The alternative date of November 6 ('Martinmas' or 'Old Hallows') is sometimes employed by Covens.

December 21 -- Winter Solstice -- Yule

'Yule' means 'wheel', for now the wheel of the year has reached a turning point, with the longest night of the year. This is the seedpoint of the solar year, mid-winter, time of greatest darkness when we seek within ourselves to comprehend our true nature. In virtually all Pagan religions, this is the night the Great Mother Goddess gives birth to the baby Sun God, because from this day forward, the days begin to lengthen, light is waxing. The Christian religion adopted this theme as the birthday of Jesus, calling it 'Christmas'. The alternative fixed calendar date of December 25th (called 'Old Yule' by some Covens) occurs because, before various calendar changes, that was the date of the solstice.

January 31 -- February Eve -- Imbolc

Actually, this holiday is most usually celebrated beginning at sundown on February 1, continuing through the day of February 2. 'Imbolc' means 'in the belly (of the Mother)' because that is where seeds are beginning to stir. It is Spring. Another name for the holiday is 'Oimelc', meaning 'milk of ewes', since it is lambing season. It was especially sacred to the Celtic Fire Goddess, Brigit, patron of smithcraft, healing (midwifery), and poetry. A Coven's High Priestess may wear a crown of lights (candles) to symbolize the return of the Goddess to her Maiden aspect, just as the Sun God has reached puberty. Weather lore associated with this sabbat is retained by the folk holiday of 'Groundhog's Day'. The Christian religion adopted a number of these themes, as follows. February 1 became 'St. Brigit's Day', and February 2 became 'Candlemas', the day to make and bless candles for the liturgical year. The 'Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary' adapts the Maiden Goddess theme. The alternative date of February 14 ( 'Old Candlemas', Christianized as 'Valentine's Day') is employed by some Covens.

March 21 -- Vernal Equinox -- Lady Day

As Spring reaches its midpoint, night and day stand in perfect balance, with light on the increase. The young Sun God now celebrates a hierogamy (sacred marriage) with the young Maiden Goddess, who conceives. In nine months, she will again become the Great Mother. It is a time of great fertility, new growth, and newborn animals. The next full moon (a time of increased births) is called the 'Ostara' and is sacred to Eostre, Saxon lunar goddess of fertility (from whence we get the word 'eostrogen'), whose two symbols were the egg and the rabbit. The Christian religion adopted these emblems for 'Easter', celebrated the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox. The theme of the conception of the Goddess was adapted as the 'Feast of the Annunciation', occuring on the alternative fixed calendar date of March 25 ('Old Lady Day'), the earlier date of the equinox. 'Lady Day' may also refer to other goddesses (such as Venus and Aphrodite), many of whom has festivals celebrated at this time. (The name 'Ostara' is incorrectly assigned to this holiday by some modern traditions of Wicca.)

April 30 -- May Eve -- Beltaine

'Beltane' means 'fire of Bel', Belinos being one name for the Sun God, whose coronation feast we now celebrate. As summer begins, weather becomes warmer, and the plant world blossoms, an exuberant mood prevails. It is a time of unabashed sexuality and promiscuity. Young people spend the entire night in the woods 'a-maying', and dance around the phallic Maypole the next morning. Older married couples may remove their wedding rings (and the restrictions they imply) for this one night. May morning is a magical time for 'wild' water (dew, flowing streams, and springs) which is collected and used to bathe in for beauty, or to drink for health. The Christian religion had only a poor substitute for the life-affirming Maypole -- namely, the death-affirming cross. Hence, in the Christian calendar, this was celebrated as 'Roodmas'. In Germany, it was the feast of Saint Walpurga, or 'Walpurgisnacht'. An alternative date around May 5 (Old Beltaine), when the sun reaches 15 degrees Taurus, is sometimes employed by Covens. (The name 'Lady Day' is incorrectly assigned to this holiday by some modern traditions of Wicca.)

June 21 -- Summer Solstice -- Litha

Although the name 'Litha' is not well attested, it may come from Saxon tradition -- the opposite of 'Yule'. On this longest day of the year, light and life are abundant. At mid-summer, the Sun God has reached the moment of his greatest strength. Seated on his greenwood throne, he is also lord of the forests, and his face is seen in church architecture peering from countless foliate masks. The Christian religion converted this day of Jack-in-the-Green to the Feast of St. John the Baptist, often portraying him in rustic attire, sometimes with horns and cloven feet (like the Greek god Pan)! Midsummer Night's Eve is also special for adherents of the Faerie faith. The alternative fixed calendar date of June 25 (Old Litha) is sometimes employed by Covens. (The name 'Beltaine' is sometimes incorrectly assigned to this holiday by some modern traditions of Wicca, even though 'Beltaine' is the Gaelic word for 'May'.)

July 31 -- August Eve -- Lughnassad

'Lughnassad' means 'the funeral games of Lugh', referring to Lugh, the Irish sun god. However, the funeral is not his own, but the funeral games he hosts in honor of his foster-mother Tailte. For that reason, the traditional Tailtean craft fairs and Tailtean marriages (which last for a year and a day) are celebrated at this time. As autumn begins, the Sun God enters his old age, but is not yet dead. It is also a celebration of the first harvest. The Christian religion adopted this theme and called it 'Lammas', meaning 'loaf- mass', a time when newly baked loaves of bread are placed on the altar. An alternative date around August 5 (Old Lammas), when the sun reaches 15 degrees Leo, is sometimes employed by Covens.

September 21 -- Autumnal Equinox -- Harvest Home

In many mythologies, this is the day the Sun God, the God of Light, is killed by his rival and dark twin, the God of Darkness -- who was born at Midsummer, reached puberty at Lammas, and lives a mirror-image life of the Sun God. From this mid-Autumn day forward, darkness will be greater than light, just as night becomes longer than day. So it is a festival of sacrifice, including that of the Sun God in his aspect of Spirit of the Fields, John Barleycorn -- for this is the final grain harvest. The Christian religion adopted it as 'Michaelmas', celebrated on the alternative date September 25, the old equinox date (Old Harvest Home). (The Welsh word 'Mabon', meaning 'son', is used by some Witches for the name of this holiday, although such usage is recent and not attested historically.)

Please visit Mike Nichols at http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Forum/7280

Document Copyright © 1986, 2002 by Mike Nichols

This document can be re-published only as long as no information is lost or changed, credit is given to the author, and it is provided or used without cost to others.

Other uses of this document must be approved in writing by Mike Nichols.

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Fill your mind with the teachings of Christ your Deliverer!

"The divine Instructor has taken us under his wing and he is putting us through our exercises so that hands which hang down can be lifted up, and feet are straightened out, and a lame man is helped to walk.

The Instructor is saying such things as, now "Keep moving, don't let yourself get stiff, keep the joints moving, keep them as supple as you can. "


Martyn Lloyd-Jones




True Knowledge never stops Learning and Growing!

"Just because the current giant you are facing looks like one you defeated in the past, don't buy the lie that you never really won the first battle!

By the strength of God's grace, you trusted the Almighty and conquered your Goliath.

The first giant is dead.

Satan is masquerading as your former enemy so he can slip past your faith and regain entrance into your life.

Resist him. "


Francis Frangipane

Spiritual Weapons Vs. Failure of the Flesh!

2 Corinthians 10: 3-4

"For though we walk (live) in the flesh, we are not carrying on our warfare according to the flesh and using mere human weapons.

For the weapons of our warfare are not physical [weapons of flesh and blood], but they are mighty before God for the overthrow and destruction of strongholds."


Strengthen your Mind and Body to withstand his attacks!

1 Peter 5: 8-9

"Be well balanced (temperate, sober of mind), be vigilant and cautious at all times; for that enemy of yours, the devil, roams around like a lion roaring [in fierce hunger], seeking someone to seize upon and devour.

Withstand him; be firm in faith [against his onset--rooted, established, strong, immovable, and determined], knowing that the same (identical) sufferings are appointed to your brotherhood (the whole body of Christians) throughout the world."

Let God Train you to War!

Psalm 144: 1

"Blessed be the Lord, my Rock and my keen and firm Strength, Who teaches my hands to war and my fingers to fight"

Whole Armor for the Whole Devil!

Ephesians 6: 11

"Put on God's whole armor [the armor of a heavy-armed soldier which God supplies], that you may be able successfully to stand up against [all] the strategies and the deceits of the devil."

Who we are to Fight is not in the Flesh!

Ephesians 6: 12 (NKJV)

"For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places."

Hold God's Ground!

Ephesians 6: 14

"Stand therefore [hold your ground], having tightened the belt of truth around your loins and having put on the breastplate of integrity and of moral rectitude and right standing with God."

Grasshoopers TRUMP Giants everytime in God's Math!

Deuteronomy 3: 22

"You shall not fear them, for the Lord your God shall fight for you."

Lay hold of the Ultimate Weapon!

1 Timothy 6: 12

"Fight the good fight of the faith; lay hold of the eternal life to which you were summoned and [for which] you confessed the good confession [of faith] before many witnesses."

Complete Deliverence

2 Timothy 4: 18

"[And indeed] the Lord will certainly deliver and draw me to Himself from every assault of evil. He will preserve and bring me safe unto His heavenly kingdom. To Him be the glory forever and ever. Amen (so be it)."